BASIC KNOWLEDGE

What is the summary of the ‘Gita’?

Today, a very wrong philosophy is being spread in the society in the name of teachings of the Gita. Is it possible that the Gita gives the message-Whatever happened with Pandavas and Draupadi etc. is right? To say in the name of the Gita that refusal of Arjun to fight in the midst of battle field was right is nothing but mockery of teachings of the Gita. Efforts of some of the persons to call teachings (as nowadays popularised) of the Gita -‘Whatever happened was good, whatever is happening is also good and what will happen will also be good’ to be  right is like not believing the independence of soul to act whereas the Gita specifically says that soul’s right is limited to the actions only (and it has no right in obtaining the fruits of its actions). Now, we give below the real teachings of the Gita:

-Whosoever has taken birth will necessarily die and whosoever has died will surely take birth. Knowing this changeless (all-time-true) law of nature, it is not good to mourn over the death of a person.

-A being is not a body but a soul. Body perishes but soul is an endless and beginningless entity. To take birth after the death is just like change of old clothes.

-Soul never feels the pain or pleasure. Soul gets these feelings only after getting blended with a body. As such, knowledgeable men never get disturbed with pain-pleasure, heat-cold, honour-dishonour etc.

-Considering pain-pleasure, heat-cold, honour-dishonour, defeat-win, loss-gain etc. as parallel emotions, one should do one’s duty.

-Not to think of worldly fruits of actions and not to lose balance because of fruits of actions is real ‘Karamyog’.

- Only after renouncing the worldly desires, one obtains the balance of budhi (intellect). A person with a balanced budhi is never afraid of miseries.

-A knowledgeable man never feels pain or pleasure. These feelings come out of attachment only.

-God is omnipresent. He is the only support of this whole universe. Only the persons, who realises this fact can get freedom from the cycle of births and deaths.

-The means of obtaining balanced budhi are repetition, knowledge and meditation.

-Surrender to God does not obviate fruits of bad deeds but it gives the great power to endure the pain received as a result of bad deeds.

- There is nothing as pure as knowledge.

-Instead of renouncing the actions, one should renounce the attachment towards fruits of actions and go on doing one’s duty.

-One should do one’s duty, determined by the segment in which one lies. One should never do the duties of other segments in place of the duties of his own segment (Based on duties, humans have been categorized into four segments-in the first segment comes the Brahmanas, who have the duty to give education to others and keep their living on donations, in the second segment comes the Kshatriyas, who have the duty to protect others & watch others’ interests, in the third segment comes the Vaihayas, who have the duty to do business and in the fourth segment comes the Shudras, who have the duty to serve the other three segments through physical labour).

-The pleasure one obtains from attachment of senses with their subjects is like a nectar in the beginning but its end result is like a poison.

 

There is nothing strange, if a great man like Krishan, who knows and lives God talks of God in first person (use of the words I, my & we) . It does not prove incarnation of God. There is nowhere in the Gita advocacy of the meditation of God with a form.