BASIC KNOWLEDGE

What do we mean by Independence? When is dependence right?

Independent is one whose body, ‘Man’ and senses are in his control. Receiving the fruit of action becomes meaningful only if the receiver has been free to do his work / action. All agree that jivatma receives fruits of his action, then we will have to believe that jivatma is free to do his actions. Jivatma is free to do anything but after a thing has been done by the jivatma, jivatma becomes dependent on the system of God in receiving the result of that action.  In a way, we can say that possibility of improvement / development in jivatma is because of his freedom to act. Had he been dependent, he would not have been getting any opportunity of using his budhi (intellect). Further, had jivatma been independent in receiving the fruits of his actions, he (jivatma) would have desired for pleasure or happiness even for his bad deeds.

To think of independence to all is possible in imagination only. One’s independence is the cause of another’s dependence e.g. if all the travellers moving on a road are free in using that road, then they will coincide with each other. As such, independence has a limit. Social rules are framed keeping in mind the welfare of many. Accordingly, restriction to one’s independence in following such rules should not at all be minded.

There is a very wrong notion that doer of everything is God and jivatma is not free to do his actions. Actually, God is doer of the activities namely creation and dissolution of the universe, giving light of knowledge to mankind in the form of Vedas and giving fruits of the actions of jivatmas, DOER of all other acts is jivatma and jivatma only. God is the silent observer of the acts of jivatmas like observer in the examination hall. Every human being shows the characteristics of jivatma and not of God. As such, the greatest of the great men can never become God.