Study Material

- Elders get a good feeling on giving something to the persons younger to them. We can see that elders try to give the best things (although within their means) to their friends, kiths & kins. But the knowledge of best things depends upon the knowledge of elders. This means that before deciding about the gifts, elders should have knowledge of all the possible things & only after obtaining such knowledge, elders can decide about the best thing which they will like to gift. Ultimately, elders can easily be convinced that gift of the knowledge of the purpose of our life can be the best gift. In a summary, we can say that all the elders, who want to gift something to their friends etc. should first of all themselves have the knowledge of the purpose of life and then impart that knowledge to their dear ones for the simple reason that before imparting a thing one must possess that thing.

-The method of gifting a thing is that before deciding about the thing to be gifted, range of the products available, their affordability and the person for whom gift is desired to be made are pinpointed. Let’s understand this assertion through an example. Suppose, ‘A’ is to make a gift to his child. After taking such decision, he will pinpoint the thing to be gifted like clothes, games, electronic appliances etc. Let it be cloth. Then, he will visit a cloth-shop for buying a cloth. He will select the best cloth / garment as per his eyes and pocket. Here, he will also make sure that all the variety of clothes / garments available in the shop has been shown to him by the salesman. If somehow, he has a feeling that not all the variety of the thing has been shown to him, he will like to visit some other shop as well. Finally, he will purchase the best thing, which is within his financial constraints, out of the available variety. This method for gifting a thing is used only in respect of worldly things. On the first hand, very very few people are desirous of gifting a non-worldly thing to their loved-ones and those wishing to make a non-worldly gift to their friends etc. do not adopt the above procedure in gifting a thing. The best gift to be made is the gift of thoughts, which will help him / them to move towards getting the purpose of life. For this, first of all, we ourselves must be familiar with the thought of purpose of life and the means required to attain that, the source, where such thoughts are available, the price we will have to pay for acquiring such thoughts etc.


- Some of the spiritual laws are mentioned below  :

1. God is present everywhere. He watches whatever we do mentally or physically and gives us fruits accordingly.

2. God’s knowledge is now enshrined in books named Rigved, Yajurved, Atharv Ved and Samved. Without imbibing the knowledge of Vedas, we can not attain our ultimate goal i.e. Mukti (freedom from the bondage of birth and death).

3. God is the creator and destroyer of this universe. Without knowing Him CORRECTLY we can not progress.

4. Without TRUTH we can do no good to our self, family, society, nation and world.

5. There are definite ways of dealing / behaving with other living and non-living objects e.g. the ways of behaving of a brother, mother, father, teacher, peasant, student, doctor, engineer, Govt. or private servant, king etc. & the ways of earning money and its usage etc. Firstly, our behaviour of dealing with other living and non-living objects should be RIGHT. Only then, we can proceed towards God.

6. Jivatma like God remains forever or never dies but it has characteristics different from God. God provides body to jivatmas. Possession of body by jivatmas is called birth and whoever has taken birth, dies. God does not need any body to perform His tasks.

- Physical Laws and Spiritual Laws are supplementary to each other. As Pran (Breathing) gives life to the body, likewise, Spiritual Laws make the Physical Laws meaningful. They both are meaningless without each other. Vayavhar (behaviour) and dharm cannot be differentiated.

-Everything of this world except independence of soul to act is pre-defined and cannot be changed. To explain, no one can change the systems created by God e.g. ears have been created / made for the purpose of enabling souls to hear the outward sounds.There are specific patterns of behaving of natural elements which are called natural laws. No person can change these systems created by God. Likewise, there are specific method by which man can fulfil his duties (duties towards his family, society, nation etc.), which can be called spiritual laws e.g. sin is always punished with misery etc. When we can not change the systems created by God, then we must bow down and worship God (Stuti, prarthana and Upasana are the three ways of doing worship of God) for giving us the potential to stick to His directions in all worldly situations.

- What is prayer? Logically thinking, we happen to earn the authority for asking for help from some other person in a particular activity only after having tried to do that particular activity ourselves. Similar is the case when we pray to God for some help. Our prayers are acceptable only if, we had tried to resolve the matter by ourselves to the best of our capability. Suppose, our car had broken down and we ask for help from some other person (s). He / they will not extend his / their helping hand if he / they find us sitting idle. Prayer is asking for help from God for righteous acts after trying ourselves in accordance with our capability. Prayer for the welfare of another person can not help him except creating a non-negative atmosphere for his actions. Every person has to earn himself everything he receives through his own actions. He can not get anything without the actions simply because of the prayers of his well-wishers.

-Prarthana is done when a thing is felt lacking. It is done to fulfill that lack. It is done to a person, who possesses that thing in abundance and may become ready to give that thing because only a person who possesses a thing can give it. Owner of all non-living things of the universe is God. As such, we are required to pray to God for all worldly & non-worldly things. Today’s prevalent prayers are like demanding one rupee from a billionaire. Such sorts of prayers not only reflect the foolishness of the demander but also show disrespect to the giver. As such, the only things which can be demanded from God are-vivek, ‘tej’, power to bear the miseries, intelligence to know the duties, strength to remove all ills from life, ability to obtain all worldly & non-worldly things through the path shown by Rishis, power to think for the welfare of all, power to remove all bad thoughts from mind, power to know the truth & power to enjoy the bliss.

-A thing is not given by the giver to an idle person. After trying to one’s best to acquire a thing according to one’s capacity & capability, one earns the right of receiving God’s grace towards acquiring that thing. This fact can be seen in worldly life also. For example, if a person wants to buy a house costing Rs ten lacs and for that plans to arrange eight lac rupees using all his resources like investments, availing loans, fixed deposits, savings etc. And after that if he approaches his relatives for help for the arrangement of the remaining two lacs rupees, his relatives seeing his exertion will help willingly according to their capacities. But, if instead he approaches his relatives for help saying that he does not want to sell his investments, does not want to withdraw the amount put by him in FDs, does not want to use his savings etc. , then no relative will help even if they can. There is an English saying also to this effect-God helps those who help themselves.

-A shepherd was praying to God, “O God! I have left my cattle in the forest for feeding themselves but I am having a constant watch over them. Whenever, they try to move in another field or try to go out of the boundary, I step in and make them not to do so. Similarly, O God! We, too are the animals feeding on the nature, created by you. We are not able to see you but you are constantly watching us. Kindly save us whenever we try to move on a wrong path.”

- If in our prayer to God, we request for forgiveness of a person, who has done wrong, then actually we are not praying but suggesting to God and suggesting Him is actually dishonouring Him since we tend to suggest only those, whom we consider knowing lesser than us. If we request God for making any endeavour successfull, then we are dishonouring him by directing Him. Directions are given only to the persons working under us.

- If we receive an opportunity of demanding a thing from Lord of lords, then we must demand something, which can remove all our miseries. The thing essential for removing all our miseries is vivek. As such, vivek only should be demanded from God. When vivek directs us to do nice deeds, then we are bound to receive pleasure / happiness. Best prayer is said to be one, in which we request Him to bestow on us best of viveks.



- Truth is not affected in any way whether anybody agrees with that or not. Let’s take an example. Truth is that the Earth revolves around the Sun. This fact is not affected in any way whether we accept it or not. Truth does not need our belief but we need Truth for our own progress.

- Walking is possible only if we raise our back foot and place it firmly in front of us. Likewise, we can progress only if we get rid of our false believes and accept the truth firmly. For deciding about the truth we must make the best use of our vivek. And we should constantly strive for raising the level of our vivek through daily reading a few pages of the works of the Great Rishis, who happened to be scholars of Vedas.

- There is a common belief amongst us that untrue speech if made for the good of another being is equivalent to truth. Our untrue speech can benefit another being only for the time being (this time period may be a few days or the whole life time) only. In the long run our untruthful words are harmful for the speaker as well as for the other being. As such, we must always speak the truth and should not justify our untrue speech by thinking that it is equivalent to truth if it happens to be spoken for the benefit some other being. What is TRUTH? If our speaking matches with our feelings, then and only then we are speaking the truth.

- All agree that Universal Truths do not change. There are certain universal truths of spirituality as well as physical world. Spiritulity does not mean matters concerned with God only but it means dealing with other beings and nature as well. I intend to say that there are universal truths about how to deal with others in family, society, nation & world. We must find out those truths and stick to them for betterment of our family, society, nation & world. The only reliable source of knowing these universal truths about how to deal with others in family, society, nation & world are Vedas.

-Every sect is an outcome of some sort of budhi and budhi of two persons is always different. For this reason, beliefs of one sect are different from the beliefs of other sects. Beliefs of all sects are a combination of true beliefs and false beliefs (Here, true beliefs refer to those beliefs which remain true in all places, circumstances and time). One has to segregate between true beliefs and false beliefs of a sect with the aid of his budhi and follow only true beliefs of the sect. People who believe that following any belief with whole hearted dedication paves the way to ‘Mukti’ are wrong because it is not possible to obtain the truth by putting whole hearted dedication in untruth. If a person starts digging a coal-hill with whole hearted dedication to obtain gold from there, then he cannot obtain gold even if digs for lakhs of years.

-In the way businessmen speak good of their products, likewise, heads of every religion say that beliefs of their sects are true. In such circumstances, onus is on the individual to differentiate between true beliefs and false beliefs with the use of his budhi. Soul of a person helps him in diffentiating between true beliefs and false beliefs provided he is in the habit of listening the voice of his soul. Such person does not hesitate in leaving the wrong beliefs of his sect and accepting the true beliefs of another sect.

-‘Truth’ is one and is said in the relation to highest level of intelligence or consciousness. For men standing at different levels of consciousness, truth of a thing may differ. This is because ‘truth’ is not mathematical but it is affected by the levels of consciousness of persons.

-Every truth is not right. It may be wrong also. Suppose, a man is beating his wife, it is true but not right. We need to strive for the truth, which is right also. The best way to achieve this is to know truth through logic & rationality & follow it in our behaviour taking care of its righteousness.

- Jyan Marg,  Karm Marg and Bhakti Marg do not mean absence of any of these. When we talk of Jyan Marg, jyan is primary and karm & bhakti follow it. And when we talk of karm Marg, jyan & bhakti are no doubt present but prominence is given to karm. Similarly, when we talk of Bhakti Marg, jyan & karm are present but prominence is given to bhakti. All the three aspects of life i.e. Jyan, Karm & Bhakti are inter-dependent. Jyan without Karm is meaningless, Karm without Jyan is worthless. Both Jyan & Karm become meaningful only if their aim is Bhakti. As such, true spirituality requires optimum combination of Jyan, Karm & Bhakti. Bhakti Marg actually means following the commands. In this sense, think over the meaning of the Hindi-words 'deshbakt' and 'swamibakt'. By 'deshbakt', we mean a being, who understands the command of the nation and by 'swamibakt' we mean a being, who accepts the commands of his swami (master). Likewise, bhakti refers to following the commands of God. ‘Surrender’ also means the same thing. Other meanings of these terms prevalent in the society are misleading and should be abandoned.


- ‘Dharm’, often translated into English as Religion, of a thing cannot be more than one. It is not possible to translate this term ‘dharm’ in any language. To have a glimpse of the meaning of this term, we can say that the term refers to the intrinsic qualities of a thing. For example, water has qualities of going downwards, remaining cool etc. As such, these qualities can be termed as ‘dharm’ of water. Similarly, man has certain qualities like liking the truth, hatred towards deceitfulness etc. These qualities as a whole can be termed as ‘dharm’ of man. For a man, there cannot be two sets of qualities. HE CAN NOT BE TERMED AS HINDU, MUSLIM, SIKH, CHRISTIAN ETC. FOR THE REASON THAT HIS INTRINSIC QUALITIES SHALL REMAIN THE SAME IN ALL SOCIAL CONDITIONS. If any rule of a sect acts like a hurdle for becoming a human being, that hurdle need be crossed to reach the goal.

- What cannot be proved cannot be dharm. Here, ‘cannot be proved’ means inexplicable by reason by highest level of intellect.

- if we are to summarise whole of ‘dharm’ into one word, then that word is ‘Ahinsa’. For earning Punaya, everyone will like to follow the path of ‘Ahinsa’. For that, let us know / understand the meaning of this term. ‘Ahinsa’ refers to ‘not bringing pain to any other without a justifiable reason just for the pleasure of our senses (Here, ‘Man’ is included in our senses) e.g.  killing an enemy by a soldier is ‘Ahinsa’. Now, let us expand this term to know its subtle meaning. The act of not knowing about God, soul and nature can not be called ‘Ahimsa’ because this act of ours is just for the pleasure of our senses including ‘Man’. By not knowing the truth of these three entities, we are harming or bringing pain to the society we live in, although it may be unknowingly. All our actions are rewarded whether they are done knowingly or unknowingly.

Necessity of Dharm-Dharm has been considered like an inseparable part of our body by our forefathers. Like, life is not possible without a heart, similarly also, life is not possible without dharm. Since dharm is a part & parcel of our self, question of necessity of dharm has not been answered directly in our scriptures. Indirectly, it has been said that protected dharm protects man in return & unprotected dharm kills man. As such, man should do continuous effort to move in accordance with dharm. When we say that dharm is a part & parcel of our self, then, it should be true in case of uncivilized races also. Certain works of some scholars show that there exists some of the basic elements of dharm in these uncivilized races like belief over an unseen power greater than humans, who is creater of this universe, who resides at a place different from that of man, who brings clouds and lightening, who punishes the guilty, who takes life of animals for his food etc.

Appetite for dharm is in the heart of man.

 “It is one of the most undeniable facts of psychology that the average man can as little exist out of a religious element of some kind, as a fish out of the water”

(M.Blavatsky’s Isis Unvieled)

As a hungury person may eat good or bad things just to kill his hungur, similarly sometimes certain races and individuals in order to kill their hungur for dharm take resort to certain things, which are ultimately harmful for them. Today, people hate dharm. It has two reasons. One is unjustness in the name of dharm and the other is fashion & blind following. When thoughtful persons see hatred in the hearts of so called religious persons towards their fellow beings upto the limit of killing the persons having different beliefs, burning of people alive, slaughtering of thousands of animals every day, destroying the peaceful atmosphere of living and all these in the name of religion, then they tend to hate such type of dharm. Their hatred for dharm (often translated as religion in English) is like a person, who on seeing a hungury man eating sand starts hating food and out of such hatred starts saying that man should not eat food. Rather such a person had a duty to suggest the person eating sand that food, which is good for one's body should be eaten instead of sand. Actually, the reason behind unjustness existing in the word is not dharm but adharm (opposite of dharm). Adharm in the disguise of dharm is doing all the unjustness. Suppose, I intend to defeat one of my foes. My colleagues or friends (actually, no one but God is friend of man) refuse to support me for this. But if I make them believe or instigate them using their ignorance that to hurt my foe is their dharm, then they will become ready to help me in my intention (history is full of such type of cases). Actually, reason of such sort of riots is not dharm but selfishness of some people. Riots or fights do not happen only because of adharm but also because of dirty politics. Real or actual politics do not warrant such types of riots or fights. In the same way real or actual dharm does not support such unjustnesses.

      Second reason of hatred towards dharm is fashion & blind following of the persons of higher class by the masses. Certain persons or races think the other persons or races as higher or superiour than them and immitate their thoughts on different subjects including 'dharm'. Though, today’s real scientists do not comment on the matters related to dharm with the thought that these things are outside the ambit of today’s / modern science but today’s head of educational institutions and the like go on instilling in their disciples hatred towards dharm without knowing the actual dharm for the simple reason that some scientists of earlier period criticized dharm.

 Dharm and science are not two different things. Science and dharm are embedded in each other. Actually, what is unscientific cannot be dharm. Somehow, certain scholars treat dharm and science as two separate things. Even some of these scholars feel that science in itself cannot be the light-house of man’s life.

“….science, for the reason of its aim (which is to study all that exists) can afford no guidance for the life of man.”

(“What is religion?” by Count Leo Tolstoy)

Here, we have not explained what dharm is but have only given some introduction of ‘dharm’. Everybody knows what dharm is, though, it is like knowledge of a child regarding recognition of a cow. Base should be very strong so as to have a strong building. As such, this work is aimed at providing a stong base to the readers, who are willing to go further in this field.

-Some of the thoughts of Pt. Gangaprasad Upadhayay

- There are two parts of the knowledge. One is theoretical knowledge and the other is practical knowledge. Whole of the Spiritual Laws (theory) can be summed up with a little bit of detail regarding them in around 100 pages only. ‘We all must speak the truth’ is a Spiritual Laws in theory. It can be learnt in a very short span of time. But practice portion of this law takes very very long time. And always theory proceeds practice. But today what to talk of practice of spiritual laws, even theoretical portion of these laws is known by a very few people only. Certain scholars use the term ‘knowledge’ to mean practical knowledge as it automatically includes theory in itself.

- Knowledge about God, Beings (Jivatmas) and nature (Prakriti) is necessary for us to be obtained so that we can make the best use of the things around us for fulfillment of our purpose of life. Today, there are misconceptions towards nature and deeds of Ishwar (God), Jiv (Souls) & Prakriti (Nature). Ishwar is very minute (sooksham). As such, we shall talk of it later. By Jiv we mean jivatmas or beings of this world (considering this the only world). To have knowledge of jivatmas, we must know about their nature & characteristics so that we deal with them in a better way towards fulfilling our motto. All the inert objects which we see around us and through which we deal with others are made up of Prakriti (nature). We must also have the knowledge of all natural objects for their proper usage while dealing other beings. God is the 'doer' only of the things or acts which only & only He can do like creation of this universe etc. For other worldly things, only Jivatma is the doer and not the God. We and only we are responsible for our behaviors.

- There is ONLY ONE WAY OF DOING THE ‘SADHNA’ i.e. the acts necessary for achieving the long term goal of our life. All will agree that speaking the truth is the basic element of ‘Sadhna’. There can not be more than one way to speak the truth. This proves that there is one and only one way of doing the ‘Sadhna’. And that one way of doing the ‘Sadhna’ is Yog consisting of eight parts. We all must have the basic knowledge of ‘Sadhna’ i.e. its elements, its purpose, method etc. Why? By having the basic knowledge of ‘Sadhna’, (i) no one can befool us in the name of ‘Sadhna’. (ii) We will be independent to proceed towards that path.

-In today’s time, doing certain physical exercises only is termed as Yog. This is not true. In spiritual field, Yog is a method by which one can unite his self with God. And only a healthy man is fit to unite his self with God. It is wrong to call exercises aiming at keeping this body & mind healthy to be Yog. Example, it is wrong to call ‘EATING’ as Yog even if purpose of eating is to keep this body healthy.

- Our viveks (judging capability of mind) can be increased a lot. Our acts must correspond to our present vivek and should never be in accordance with the vivek of other persons, even if vivek of that person is higher than ours. Use of our intellect (vivek) is necessary for our advancement. In other words, we can say that doing acts in accordance with others’ vivek stops our own advancement. Is there any way to improve our vivek? Yes. Our vivek can be improved by reading or listening to the Vedas, Vedic literature or the works of the great vedic scholars. As such, do make it a habit to read the Vedas, Vedic literature or the works of the great vedic scholars daily for 20-30 minutes.

- We should wish for the intellect, which is capable of relating the different words to their actual meanings. Intellect- which says that time is precious not the watch. We should not merely wish but strive towards having such an intellect. The only method of having such an intellect is to study a few pages of Vedas or literature which is in consonance with the philosophy of Vedas daily.

-Good company and studying good books are the only source of increasing our vivek. Here, the term ‘good’ needs to be defined. A company or a book can be called good only if it comprises truth and truth only. No soul is perfect. Therefore, company of any human being or that of books written by human beings can never be good. Only God is perfect. As such, company of only those human beings, whose lives are in perfect harmony with the words of God i.e. Vedas is good and books not other than Vedas or the books written by Rishis (human beings whose lives are in perfect harmony with the words of God i.e. Vedas) are good.

-It is very necessary that before conducting in accordance with the beliefs of a particular religion, those beliefs are put to ‘Acid Test’ of our vivek. If we consider the beliefs of our religion to be true and that of other religions to be false, then we can not be right because every one considers the beliefs of his own religion to be true. Then, what is the guarantee that beliefs of our religion only are true? Naturally, one considers the beliefs of the religion, in which one has taken birth, to be true. And one considers the person, who tries to tell wrong beliefs of that religion, as his enemy. One, who desires his welfare, must know wrong beliefs of his religion and should try to abandon them. Only after abandoning such wrong beliefs and after following true beliefs in his actions, one can move forward on the path of God.

- Let us know an amazing thing. On a topic concerned with physics, everyone will like to hear the view of a physicist, similarly on a topic concerned with astronomy, everyone will like to hear the view of a astronomer and give weightage to those views & likewise. But if the subject is God everyone feels himself the master of that subject and wants others to give wieghtage to his views. But on this subject the views of only those persons carry wieghtage who have gone on that path themselves.

-Today, we happen to follow certain persons regarding doing a particular activity without having any knowledge about that act. Such persons may be our religious teachers, our relatives or our parents. We follow them blindly without using the measures of LOGIC & RATIONALITY. We follow the commands of certain persons simply for the reason of impression of their personalities.

- Word-evidences (shabd pramaan) are very beneficial to us in knowing God, Jivatama and nature. Word-evidence refers to words of God (Vedas) and words of the great teachers, which are in agreement with Vedas. Today, there are a very few scholars of Vedas. Because of this, we get practical difficulty in knowing, if the words of so called great men of today are in consonance with Vedas or not. As such, inspite of great benefits of World-evidence (shabd prmaan), for some time we may suspend these and rely only on LOGIC & RATIONALITY.

- There may be certain things which cannot be answered by the present level of our intellect. For that we must raise the level of our intellect. Till then those unanswerable things should be kept under suspension. Let’s look at an example for keeping the belief over what has been mentioned above. When a jaadugar (magician) is performing, we completely believe all his tricks to be true but in our hearts we are of the strong belief or notion that whatever has been performed by the jaadugar is unreal (though looking to be true) though we cannot explain the tricks performed by him. What is the basis of such a belief? We know the principles beyond doubt that nothing can be produced out of nothing, growing of human beings or animals take time, life cannot be infused into dead etc. Likewise, if we know the spiritual principles like what is yog?, what is karam principle?, what is prayer? etc., & have faith in them, then we can easily know what is right & what is wrong.  

- A simple method is there to know what is right and what is wrong. Majority of the people living in this country have great respect for the character named ‘Ram’, who happened to live in this country approximately ten lakh years earlier. Know his thoughts and deeds and try to see everything from the viewpoint of Shri Ram. This will serve a dependable yardstick for us for judging anything and everything we see or feel around us. But character of Shri Ram  should be known through the epic of Ramayana written by MAHARISHI BALMIKI ONLY. Only the works of Rishis or Maharishis are dependable.

- Walking is possible only if we raise our back foot and place it firmly in front of us. Likewise, we can progress only if we get rid of our false beliefs and accept the truth firmly. For deciding about the truth we must make the best use of our vivek (mental calibre of judging things). And we should constantly strive for raising the level of our vivek through daily reading a few pages of the works of the Great Rishis, who happened to be scholars of the Vedas.

- What is the benefit of going on the right path, if the other persons around us will harm us if we don’t go their way? This is a common question, which needs be answered. Our life does not comprise 90-100 years only but is unending like a circle. We must remember that our karms i.e. our having gone on the right or wrong path form the basis of obtaining type of body and mind in our next life (s).

- A justification commonly given for earning the money by deceitful means / methods is- if we do not adopt the wrong methods to earn the money, then the system is such that the work will not suffer & some other person will come forward and adopt the deceitful means for the same purpose. If we cannot stop the wrong methods to earn money then why shouldn’t we accept the truth of the system and adopt the wrong methods to earn the money. Here, two spiritual laws can be mentioned. First is, one has to bear the fruit of his bad deeds. Second is, money accumulated for keeping this body alive should be earned by rightful means otherwise, we fail to use this body for attaining our purpose of life. As such, we must be careful enough to obtain the money from rightful means only and not to fall a prey to the justifications of the means given by our mind. For this also our vivek should be at a very high level.

- A large number of people of our society are following spiritual (so called) pursuits under the name of one sect or another founded by certain personalities but inspite of this, happiness level of the persons living in our country is lowering day by day. The major reason behind this is a common belief that spirituality has nothing to do with our behaviour with other people, which include members of our family, our friends, our colleagues, our neighbours etc. Such people must realise that their so called spiritual pursuits will bear no fruit until & unless they spread the fragrance of their good behaviour amongst the society approachable to them and for spreading such fragrance they have to do two things (i) Encouraging & supporting the good people (ii) Blocking others from doing the wrongs & making their own behavioural conditions for dealing with such people. Further, on none of the spiritual laws, there is unanimity amongst them for the simple reason that their unanimity on a particular topic may threaten the very existence of the sect, founded by a personality for whom they have great regard.

- Sun does not shirk its work. So, shouldn’t we. Getting inspiration from the sun, we should do all our work incessantly. And remove all the darkness of ignorance. For thinking of removing the darkness of ignorance, we ourselves must first become the light-houses of knowledge.

- The word ‘Yaj’ does not mean ‘Havan’ only but it refers to all actions done with the complete knowledge for the welfare of others. ‘Havan’ connotes ‘Yaj’ only sumbolically. One of the good things, we learn from ‘Havan’ is GIVING what we have, for the welfare of others with pleasure. Actually, if a doctor is helping his patiens for  their welfare only to the best of his knowledge, he is performing ‘Yaj’. Similarly if a teacher is giving knowledge to his pupils to the best of his ability, he is doing ‘Yaj’ and likewise. If all the people succeed in bringing their actions in the category of Yaj, then there can not remain any scope for misery.

- What is the root cause of all our miseries? Not knowing the real swaroop and qualities of God lie at the root of all our miseries. How knowledge of God removes our miseries? It is true that we suffer from miseries because of our own deeds (miseries are given by other people also  e.g. grief produced to the owner and his family from stealth of his property by another but such miseries are ultimately the result of our deeds)) but one, who has the knowledge of God, is able to move through the misery without being affected by grief. Because of having the knowledge of God or His eternal principles, great freedom-fighters were able to embrace the misery of death without any grief. The more a person will have knowledge of God, the more he will be able to accept the miseries of his life smilingly.

- There is a notion that if a person does not do bad of any body either mentally or physically, he has earned punaya. This notion is totally wrong. Such a logic is given by many in a variety of occasions. Now, let us try to understand how this notion is wrong? Punaya is earned only if we stop from doing a bad act and immediately do a good act. Only ‘not doing bad act’ does not automatically mean having done a good act. Take a few examples: 1 If we want to go to Delhi and we do not board a bus going to Shimla does not automatically mean that our effort to go to Delhi is sufficient. 2 If a student does not go to play thinking that he has to do home-work does not automatically mean that he has done sufficiently enough to do his home-work.  I hope that these examples have made it clear that Punaya is earned only if we stop from doing a bad act and immediately do a good act’. Now, let us expand this principle to reach at another conclusion. If a person does not do any thing to know about God, his soul and nature around him, this act of his can not be called true even if he saves himself from doing a bad act.

-Believing in God means doing what God has instructed to do & not doing what God has forbidden to do. God has instructed human beings to love other beings, to speak the truth, to do justice etc. and has forbidden to hate, to make fool of others, to do injustice, to do anything which is harmful for the mankind etc.

-If a thing is a combination of good & bad elements and we cannot segregate its good elements from the bad ones, then we should discard whole of that thing. For example, if poison is mixed in a very nutritious food, then we discard whole of the food without thinking of its nutrients.

-Since, in today’s society, most of the people have beliefs opposite to truth, if a person comes up with a right approach, he is bound to get isolated. But, because one needs help of the society in his day to day work, it becomes very difficult for a person to advocate the truths in the society. As such, till the time he accumulates the inner strength to move with the truth without caring of the indifference of the society, he can move (only physically not mentally) with the beliefs of the society. On all possible occasions, he should move in accordance with his mind releasing pressures of the society as per his capacity. He should gradually increase his capacity to go against the beliefs of the society.

-If one wants to learn a language, then he does not remember all the sentences of that language. Rather he understands the system by which sentences are formed in that language. Likewise, if one intends to realise God, he need not remember all the good acts and all the bad acts but he needs to understand the system by which an act is categorized as good or bad. Only then he can be said to be moving in the direction of realization of God. Knowledge of the system by which an act is categorized as good or bad is not acquired automatically but it has to be earned.  One, who talks of God realization and invests whole of his energy in learning the good acts and the bad acts without trying to understand the system by which an act is categorized as good or bad is not at all an intelligent person and should be treated by others accordingly.

-There is a general notion among the people that one should not criticise others rather he should spread his thoughts without criticizing others. But at times criticism is necessary to spread one’s positive thoughts but the condition is the criticism should be for the welfare of others. Let me explain this with the help of an example. Suppose, a child is learning the table-two multiplied by four is equal to ten. Then every one, who is a witness to such learning is duty-bound to tell the child that two multiplied by four is not equal to ten (this can be said to be criticism of child’s way) but two multiplied by four is equal to eight. The truth of the table cannot be instilled in the child without telling him that two multiplied by four is not equal to ten. If the child is not told the truth in the beginning, then he can not be saved from doing silly mistakes in the theory and practice of mathematics. As such, telling a person where he is wrong is not criticism. If, today WRONGS have spread so much in our society, then the reason is-they were not criticized in the beginning and the truth was not advocated. One who knows the truth can not in any way be lenient on any aspect of it. In the ibid example, one who knows that two multiplied by four is equal to eight can not in any circumstance agree that two multiplied by four is equal to 7.9, 8.1 etc. Spirituality is also a perfect science as is mathematics. As such, one can not be flexible regarding outcomes of spiritual laws. Such persons are called adamant by the present society.

-‘Abhiman’ is dangerous as it kills all possessions of a person. But what is the difference between ‘abhiman’ and ‘swabhiman’. While ‘abhiman’ is considered bad or unwanted, ‘swabhiman’ is considered good and essential. To talk of a thing which one actually knows or possesses is out of the feeling of ‘swabhiman’ and to talk of a thing which one does not know or possess is said to be out of the feeling of ‘abhiman’. The purpose of talking of one’s knowledge or possession is also an important factor in determining ‘abhiman’ or ‘swabhiman’. For example, acceptance by one of knowing the table of two with the purpose of helping another cannot be termed as ‘abhiman’.

-Creator is said to be great only if his creation is great. Likewise, if we want to call God great, we must feel greatness of His creation. But how can we feel greatness of His creation? Watch players of certain games like Kabaddi, Running, Football, Gymnastics etc. Let it be ‘soccer’. By watching the players playing soccer, you can feel the great co-ordination between their eyes-looking and simultaneously judging the speed of the other players and the ball coming towards them, legs-when to move fast, when to go slow, when to jump so as to be able to hit the ball with the head etc. , planning to attack the opponents and to defend etc. By feeling this amazing co-ordination and synchronization between different parts of the body we can easily say that His creation is really great. What to say of the greatness of the entity which created such a great creation.

-In short, shabd-pramaans refer to the sayings of God and that of great men, whose lives are in perfect consonance with the instructions of God delivered through Vedas. But today, our loyalty has shifted from Vedas. In the absence of regular study of Vedas, we do not have a yard-stick to measure the greatness of a person. This has resulted in our erroneous declaring certain persons to be great. As such, sayings of such persons are being treated by us wrongly as shabd-pramans. For this reason, let us first, suspend our belief over shabd-pramaans for the time being until we understand what shabd-pramaans actually are and secondly, start using our vivek in whatever we do particularly in the name of ‘dharm’. Only after we start using our vivek in all our actions, we WILL BE ELIGIBLE to know the real shabd-pramaans and draw benefit from these.

-One should not be loyal to a person or a body of persons rather he should be loyal to the principles only even if sticking to the principles brings harm to a person or body of persons. Now the question arises as to what sort of principles one should be loyal to? One need to be loyal to the principles, accepted by his self as true.

-There are three aspects of life. These are:

  • Physical aspect
  • Social aspect
  • Spiritual aspect

Today, most of our efforts surround our ‘Social’ aspect of life. Second priority is given by the people to ‘Physical’ aspect of life. Last priority is given by the people to ‘Spiritual’ aspect of life. Efforts towards grooming ‘Spiritual’ aspect of life are almost negligible. Now, what is the reason that ‘Physical aspect’ & ‘Social aspect’ lag behind ‘Spiritual aspect’ of life in importance, when most of efforts, today, are devoted by people to ‘Physical aspect’ & ‘Social aspect’. To clarify about ‘importance quotient’ of these three aspects of life, let us go through an example-There are two entities-one is body and the other is soul and there is no confusion as to which of these is more important. Although soul is said to be more important than the body but in common parlance soul without body is meaningless. It can not be said that body is not important but out of the two, soul is more important. Similarly, ‘Physical aspect’ & ‘Social aspect’ of life are important but ‘Spiritual’ aspect of life is of utmost importance. How? Take another example- a train with a speed of even 1000 kms per hour is of no use if it has no destination. ‘Spiritual aspect’ provides destination to the train of life.

-There is a wrong notion that devotees of God remain miserable. If a devotee feels miserable, he would quit ‘Bhakti’ of God. It is not mandatory for any one to do ‘Bhakti’ of God. Actually, the persons, who start feeling ‘aanand' (bliss) in ‘bhakti’ of God considers all worldly things and pleasures obtained from worldly things lower from ‘Bhakti’ of God and for maintaining the enjoyment of bliss of God, such persons leave all worldly things. Worldly people call it miserableness of devotees of God. Bhakt (devoter) knows that whatever worldly pleasures he does not have or whatever worldly objects he has left are hollow and true pleasure has come from bhakti of God. It is immaterial for him whether the world calls him happy or miserable.

-There is a belief amongst certain people that ‘Work is worship’ and the persons doing their duties rightfully need not do bhakti of God. Actually, without realizing Him we cannot do our worldly duties to the best. As such, only when direction of our ‘Man’ is towards God, we can perform our worldly acts to our best. To earn the right to do bhakti of God, we must perform our worldly duties to the best of our abilities. While performing worldly acts, we commit a lot of wrongs, knowledge of which is had by only those, whose ‘Man’ is directed towards God and with the passage of time, an ishwar-bhakt earns the ability to do his worldly duties to the best.

-No parent takes tests of his child to know whether he loves him or not. As such, it is wrong to say that God testifies His bhakts (devoters). While doing bhakti of God, a sadhak earns so much potential that inspite of odds, he does not waver from doing acts for the welfare of others & society. Bhakt calls such acts as his duty while worldly people call it testification by God.

-To help a known or unknown person in difficulty is Atithi-Seva but to constantly remain busy in fulfilling absurd requirements of visitors to your home is nothing more than wastage of your time & energy. Considering Atithi-Seva to be a good act, many persons make unknown persons stay with them and many a times such people steal many house-hold goods. As such, one should refine his notion about Atithi-Seva and remain vigilant enough in dealing with unknown persons in the present scenario.

-Suicide is not a solution to the problems. The fruits earned by a soul because of its previous actions has to be borne by the soul-if not in the current birth, then in the future birth(s). One, who commits suicide because of problems of loans takes his next birth as a servant and has to face the same pain. One, who commits suicide to save himself from bodily pain, gets a deformed or deceased body in his next birth. To commit suicide is one of the biggest sins and one should never think of that. Like police punishes a prisoner after catching him, who runs away from the prison. In the same manner God punishes the soul, which leaves the body on its own.

-There is a belief in the society that one should hate the sin and not the sinner. The real meaning of this belief is that the sinner has a potential to change himself. If we start hating the sinner, then the sinner loses his chance to use his potential. Such sort of notion rests at a very high altitude. To reach at that stage, one has to hate both-the sinner and the sin in the beginning. Accordingly, in the beginning one should avoid both the sinner and the sin. In practical situations, a criminal can escape but a person who gives shelter to the criminal is cought by the police.

-On Arjun’s plea that in war, many men of army of kaurav will die, lord Krishan said that to kill the wrong-doer in the battle field is ‘dharm’ and to save such people is a great sin because wrong-doer’s courage increases on not getting penalised and then he starts committing greater sins.

-Some people believe that one, who practices non-violence, is also treated by the world accordingly. This is totally a wrong notion. Carnivorous animals have nothing to do with the thoughts of non-violence of a person. Many Yogis were eaten by animals. Propounder of grammer of Sanskrit language, Maharishi Panini was eaten by a lion, while he was in ‘Tapasaya’. Maharishi Jaimini was killed by an elephant. Maharishi Pingal was eaten by a crocodile. As such, Yogis should be beware of bad men and animals.

- It is believed that without ‘shradha’ one cannot realise God. Only, on developing ‘shradha’ towards a particular work, one feels ‘aanand’ in performing that work / activity. ‘Shradha’ is not in conflict with logic. Actually, the belief developed over a thing after it passes the test of logic is called ‘shradha’. Without using one’s vivek to have faith over a thing told by any scripture or teacher is not ‘shradha’ but blind-faith. Common belief-“As we feel the trueness of our path, similarly, the others too have the same sort of feeling towards their paths. Everyone is free to choose his path. As such, it is not appropriate to hurt others’s ‘shradha’”. But, if a person is having a belief over untruthfulness because of ignorance, then to make him understand the truth is not inappropriate.  If the path of a person is untrue, then even if he follows that path for lakhs of years with whole hearted devotion or ‘shradha’, he cannot find the truth or realise God.

-If we get chance to help someone, then we must feel ourselves lucky & honoured. After helping someone, to expect honour from the society or expect that the other person should remain indebted to us is nothing else than selfishness.

-Every individual acts for the purpose of getting happiness or peace. Spiritual people try to get happiness or peace by doing great deeds and bhakti of God whereas bad men try to get happiness or peace by doing wrong deeds like killing, stealing, befooling, doing injustice etc. In the long run, it is not possible to get happiness or peace by doing sinful deeds. However, in the short run, it is possible to get happiness through getting attention or praise of the people etc. by doing wrong deeds.

-For obtaining happiness or peace, one is required to control one’s desires. People, who earn money by honest means & fulfill their desires accordingly and do not wish to fulfill their desires beyond their means, lead a happy life.

-Looking at today’s eating habits and other scenarios, it is very difficult to apply continence (brahamcharya) in one’s life. Lust for opposite sex is a dangerous enemy. One cannot know, when & in what circumstances it may attack and destroy its prey. As such, a sadhak should get married.

-This world is very strange. Here, it is not necessary that the one, whom we think everything and in whose favour we are ready to surrender every possession of ours, keeps similar thoughts about us. Whom, we think our friends, can harm us and ones, whom we consider our enemies, may be our well-wishers. Then, whom we should consider our well-wisher in all times and in all places? Such a thing cannot be any worldly object or worldly being. Only God is our true well-wisher of all times and places.

-A story-Once there were three men doing the activity of breaking stones. On being asked by a saint, one person said, “My fate is very bad. My act of breaking stones is guided by my bad fate.” The second person said, “I am not able to get any other work and am earning my livelihood by this activity of breaking stones.” The third person said, “I am earning my livelihood through exertion. Whole day I work and in the night, I go to my bed without any tension. This way, life is passing well with aanand.” Although, all the three men were doing the same work. The first person is considering it as a necessary evil. The second person is doing it for having no other option and third person is doing this activity considering it as his duty. If there is possibility of getting a better work than the present one, then there is no harm in trying to get that but when we are bound to do an activity, then intelligence lies in doing it with pleasure.

-Sins committed even in ignorance become the reason of our bondage in the cycle of birth & death. In an accidental death of a person, the concerned person is charged with an offence of non-intentional murder and is punished accordingly. Sins whether committed intentionally or unintentionally are the reason of our bondage. Logically, a person, who earns the right to freedom from this bondage, should not have any sin. But it is not possible not to have sins as all the acts necessary for maintenance of our body include committing of sins.  A person, who gets freedom from this bondage, actually suspends obtaining the fruit of his sins for a very very long period.

-God gives the fruits of our good deeds and wrong deeds separately. Example-a person saves a child from drowning and gets a reward for his courageous action. If he kills a child after lapse of a time, then he will be punished for this act. In the court, he can not give a plea that his act of killing a child may be adjusted against his earlier act of saving another child and he may not be penalised for this act.

-Every relation of this world is based on debts-some are paying (giving back) debts and some are taking back their owings. Some believe that if anything is given with love without demand, then there is no harm in taking that thing. Such people receive gifts from others on the occassions of birthdays, marriages, other festive occassions etc. without any hitch. The fact is-a thing received on or without demand, with force or through befooling the giver is a debt and it has to be repaid by the receiver without doubt. If the giver gives a thing to another without his demand or on demand etc. and does not desire the return of that thing, then his act of giving does not cause any bondage to him but the receiver has to repay it.

-Every reason because of which injustice is done to others is not ever-lasting. Possession of money, knowledge, beauty, power, designation, reputation etc. becomes the cause of one’s superiority complex. And a person having superiority complex dishonours the other persons having opposite conditions. What to talk of ordinary people, some saints & learned fellows even suffer from the disease of superiority complex. Such people waste their lives. Many people, who suffer from this disease, get misery in this life itself and the remaining sufferers get misery in their future lives. God is justice-doer. Everyone receives the fruits of his actions justly. One, who believes this system of God, is able not to commit any sin.

-Today, there is a belief in the society that God gives the fruits of actions of souls justly even if with delay. The fact is-God gives the fruits of actions of souls justly and without delay but the period as to when the fruit of an action will develop can be known by God only. Actions differ with regard to the period when their fruits get developed. Some actions produce their fruits within a day, some in a month, some in a year, some after a life and so on. It is just like the action of our drinking water quenches our thirst immediately, some ordinary diseases may go within 2-3 days, other diseases may take months or years together to go and the like. Some actions which generally produce fruits after years may have been performed with such an intensity that they produce fruits early. As such, it is not possible for a human being to estimate about the period as to when an action will bear its fruit.

-Without obtaining sufficient power or right, one should not try to eradicate any ill from the society. Without sufficient power or right, one should not clash with the bad elements of the society and put his valuable life in danger. But if after obtaining sufficient power or right, one remains silent or does not try to eradicate the ills of the society, he commits a sin and increases his distance from God. Suffeciency of power will be judged by one’s intellect.

-A man, who has a healthy body is good, a man who has a healthy body  & healthy mind is better and a man who has obtained the true path of realisation of soul & God besides having healthy body and healthy mind is the best.

-Soul cannot do anything without a body. As such, people, who ignore their bodies, cannot obtain bodily and spiritual pleasure. Therefore, the first and the foremost preference should be given to the well-being of the body. Well-being of the body is required only & only for attaining the purpose of soul. As such, well-being of the body should not be cared at the cost of purpose of soul i.e. if while performing any act towards attaining the purpose of soul, our body gets endangered, we should give preference to the successful completion of that act over health of our body.

-Thoughts are the basis of our actions or behavior. One type of thoughts bring smile on our face and the other type of thoughts bring pain, fear etc. Persons, who keep only good thoughts in their minds, cannot do any bad act. Whenever, we face a bad thought, ‘Man’ should be engrossed in a counter thought. Since speed of ‘Man’ is very fast and it has the capacity to go through all the aspects of a good thought in a fraction of a second and dwell back on the bad thought, good thought put before it should be such which cannot be pierced by ‘Man’. Such counter good thought is that of God. God being endless, ‘Man’ after trying hard to reach its end surrenders and rests. As such, whenever, we face a bad thought, we should make it a habit to start reciting (alongwith thinking of the meaning) ‘aum’ / gayatri mantra etc. Also, at such instances, concentration of our thought process on ‘breathing’ or bringing deepness and uniformity in our breaths is extremely helpful. Doing a bad act and then repenting (doing prayashchit) is meaningless. It is just like knowingly making ourselves dirty and then trying to wash the dirt. Instead, we should prepare our ‘Man’ in such a way that it cannot do any bad act. ‘Man’ needs constant watch throughout our life.

-Power, which enables a body to act, is called ‘aatma’ (soul). Body left by aatma is nothing more than a dust particle. A dead body does not experience any pain or pleasure, whether it is made to sit on a thorne or cut into pieces. Every aatma receives a body in accordance with its acts (some aatmas receives healthy bodies, others receive diseased or deformed bodies). This proves that aatma existed before the body came into being.

-It will be highly unjustifiable if without any reason, some aatmas (souls) enjoy pleasure and other aatmas suffer pain. But God is considered to be just. As such, we arrive at the conclusion that aatmas receive healthy bodies, diseased or deformed bodies in accordence with the acts done by them in their previous life/lives. It is also observed that some aatmas enjoy pleasureful life while doing all bad deeds.It will be very unjustified if an aatma goes without receiving the fruits of his bad deeds. This again makes us believe that to receive the fruits of his deeds, aatma has to assume a body in accordance with the laws of God. All this proves that birth & death is a continuous and endless process.

-Some people say that like a seed of mango produces mangoes and a seed of wheat produces wheat only, similarly a man gets his next birth as a man; a donkey gets his next birth as a donkey etc. This unjust system is not at all possible on following logical grounds:

How is it possible in God’s just system that-

  1. An aatma (soul) receives potentiality to kill a goat in every birth and another aatma in every birth receives the body of goat?
  2. An aatma by taking birth every time in an upper class continues to dishonour lower classes and another aatma always takes birth in lower class to be dishonoured?
  3. An aatma every time takes birth as a master to do injustice to his servant and another aatma always receives birth as a servant?

As per God’s system, one, who gives pain to another, will definitely receive pain sooner or later. God does not let the others know the sins committed by a person in his earlier lives. Had God made a system whereby a person could know the sins committed by him and other persons in earlier lives, then no one could show kindness to anyone or feel the gratitude of anyone.

- Since infinite time, aatma (soul) is in the cycle of birth and death. It continues to take birth in diffrent countries, different species, different sects, as a man, as a woman, as a rich, as a pauper, as beautiful, as ugly, as healthy, as diseased etc. If all the people of the world know this system of God, then there will be no wars between countries, sects etc. Rishis of olden period because of having this knowledge believed whole universe as one family.

-Principles of all sects are not same. Some principles of a sect are entirely opposite to that of others. Teachers of all sects try to prove truthfulness of their principles. In such conditions, one, who wants to know the truth, gets puzzled. Such a person, who wants to know the truth, should depend on his vivek. Only through use of determining power of vivek, one can differtiate between the truthful principles and untruthful principles. The only method to enhance one’s vivek is swadhaya, which means reading Vedas or the books which are perfectly in accordance with Vedas.

-Surrender to God does not mean non-use of vivek. Surrender to God refers to feeling the presence of God everywhere and doing each & everything amidst such feeling. Sleeping of a person keeping the doors of his house open cannot be said to be because of his surrender to God. When we surrender our budhi (intellect), knowledge, money and physical & menal power to God, then God does not take all these things from us. All these things remain with us only but we develop a feeling of a trustee, while using these things. We use all these things not for the welfare of a particular man but for the welfare of mankind as per His directions given in the Vedas.